Research has indicated that stigmasterol may be useful in prevention of certain cancers , including ovarian , prostate , breast , and colon cancers . Studies have also indicated that a diet high in phytoesterols may inhibit the absorption of cholesterol and lower serum cholesterol levels by competing for intestinal absorption. Studies with laboratory animals fed stigmasterol found that both cholesterol and sitosterol absorption decreased 23% and 30%, respectively, over a 6-week period. It also possesses potent antioxidant , hypoglycemic and thyroid inhibiting properties. 
Stephan Bonnar and Josh Barnett , mixed martial arts (MMA) fighters from the UFC and PRIDE Fighting Championships , have also tested positive for the banned substance.  After the World Extreme Cagefighting show on January 20, 2006 Muay Thai turned MMA fighter Kit Cope also tested positive for boldenone.  Following the Strikeforce card on June 22, 2007 former PRIDE and UFC fighter Phil Baroni tested positive for boldenone, as well as stanozolol .  At a K-1 WGP event in Las Vegas on August 17, 2007 two fighters, Rickard Nordstrand and Zabit Samedov , both tested positive for boldenone.  Alexandre Franca Nogueira tested positive for boldenone in July 2008.